Extruded complete dietetic food for adult dogs indicated for the support of liver function in case of chronic hepatic insufficiency. Moderate protein content, selected and highly digestible.
- 2 – 10 kg format.
- Moderate protein
- Protein sources selected for their high digestibility
- Probiotics, digestive system support
- Botanicals with antioxidant properties
- PNP 23
whole Rice, Maize meal, hydrolyzed Chicken protein, refined Chicken oil, Maize gluten, fish oil, lignocellulose, dehydrated Egg, dehydrated Apple pulp, marine zooplankton meal (Krill, source of fatty acids Omega 3), Moringa oleifera, FAEC Complete (Yucca schidigera extract, yeast products (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as a source of MOS and nucleotides), glucosamine, chondroitin sulphate, methylsulfonylmethane, Chicory root, Salvia rosmarinus, Melissa officinalis, Taraxacum officinale, Salvia officinalis, Minthostachys verticillata, Cynara scolymus, Silybum marianum), FAEC Digestive (yeast products (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, source of MOS and nucleotides), Chicory root (inulin source), Salvia rosmarinus, Melissa officinalis, Taraxacum officinale, Salvia officinalis, Minthostachys verticillata, Vaccinium macrocarpon, Cynara scolymus, Silybum marianum), FAEC ProbioDigestive (Enterococcus faecium, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus).
Selected proteins*: hydrolysed Chicken protein, Maize gluten, dehydrated Egg, marine Zooplankton meal.
Protein 15%, crude Fat 19%, crude Ash 4,8%, crude Fibre 2,1%, Calcium 0,7%, Phosphorus 0,5%, Copper 0,0013%, Sodium 0,2%, ME 4009 Kcal/Kg.
The nutritional objective of this recipe is to promote liver function in cases of chronic insufficiency.
The liver is a fundamental organ in the metabolic processes related to fats, proteins and carbohydrates. A diseased liver can be totally normofunctional: with only 20-30% health, it is able to carry out its functions normally. Moreover, hepatocytes are capable of regenerating the liver to its normal size in the event of partial removal so that, once this is achieved, they stop reproducing. However, despite their regenerative capacity and high functional capacity, liver disease limits or abolishes this regenerative and functional capacity.
Almost all amino acids are degraded in the liver, and the liver is also involved in the metabolism of lipids, vitamins and trace elements. The liver is an extremely important player in the immune system, both as a barrier and as a detoxifier.
Diagnosis is often complicated due to its high resistance, functionality and symptomatology, so problems are often detected in advanced stages.
Liver diseases can be divided into 2 types:
Acute: they are potentially reversible and occur within a short period of time.
Chronic: unfortunately, they are irreversible. They occur in patients with previous liver disease and cause inflammatory and necrotic changes leading to organ failure.
CH may be due to genetic predisposition, as in the case of Dobermans and some Terriers, with a high presence of copper in the organ. Other causes can be infectious processes, medication or idiopathic.
Nutritional management consists mainly of limiting liver degradation. It is very important to provide non-protein calories, which limit the effort and capacity of the organ, being recommended the contribution through fats. Fat restriction should only occur when there is evidence of poor lipid absorption.
The use of highly digestible proteins, such as dehydrated chicken, hydrolysed chicken, corn gluten, etc. are among the most recommendable, due to their digestibility and amino acid profile, as we saw earlier. The volume of fibre, vitamins B, C and E should also be adapted, and the use of ingredients with choleretic and antioxidant action to prevent oxidation and alleviate liver disease is especially recommended.
The organism is especially delicate in these patients who tend to be underweight, malnourished and even anorexic. Thus, probiotic supplementation is related, indirectly, through the benefits in the assimilation of nutrients necessary for the maintenance of the organism, among other benefits such as the modification of ammonia production, benefits in hepatic encephalopathy, etc.