enda Vet Nature Gato Cardiac
enda Vet Nature Gato Cardiac

Cardiac CAT

Extruded dietary food for adult cats to support cardiac function in chronic heart failure.

Key points:

  • Limited sodium content
  • Support for renal function
  • Probiotics to support kidney and digestive function
  • EPA and DHA to support the heart muscle.
  • PNP 24

Fish (white fish hydrolysate, fresh Salmon 10%), sweet Potato, pulses (Lentils min. 5%), poultry hydrolysate, Potato, Chicken fat, Brewer’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), lignocellulose, Salmon oil, marine zooplankton meal (Krill, source of Omega-3 fatty acids and astaxanthin), Carob meal, FAEC Complete (Yucca schidigera extract, yeast products, (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as a source of MOS and nucleotides), glucosamine, chondroitin sulphate, methylsulfonylmethane, chicory root, Salvia rosmarinus, Melissa officinalis, Taraxacum officinale, Salvia officinalis, Minthostachys verticillata, Cynara scolymus, Silybum marianum), dehydrated vegetables (Carrot, Pumpkin…), Apple, dehydrated whole Egg, FAEC Inmune (microalgae oil Schizochytrium sp. (source of Omega 3 DHA fatty acids), Panax ginseng, Punica granatum, Zingiber officinale, Urtica dioica, Camellia sinensis, Curcuma longa, Harpagophytum procumbens), FAEC ProbioDigestive (Enterococcus faecium, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus).

Analytical constituents
Crude Protein 25%, crude Fat 20%, crude Ash 6.5%, crude Fibre 4.5%, Moisture 7%, Calcium 0.8%, Phosphorus 0.5%, Potassium 0.8%, Sodium 0.2%, Mg <0.1%, DHA+EPA 0.49%, ME 3995 Kcal/kg.[/et_pb_toggle][et_pb_toggle title="Benefits" _builder_version="4.16.0" _module_preset="default" hover_enabled="0" global_colors_info="{}" sticky_enabled="0"]

Supports heart function in chronic heart failure.

Heart diseases in cats include a wide range of diseases of varying severity and origin; congenital heart diseases such as stenosis, dysplasia and other less common malformations can occur. Another cause would be acquired heart disease, see dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, mitral insufficiency, but whatever their etiology, they can lead to heart failure, which is, broadly speaking, a dysfunction of the heart due to a dysfunction of the heart due to a structural or functional alteration of the heart.

The heart’s main function is to maintain stable blood pressure and cardiac output, defining output as the volume of blood that drives a ventricle per minute. If cardiac output decreases, it becomes impossible to maintain normal blood pressure, and pressure drops, which triggers a neurohormonal reaction that increases heart rate, sodium and water retention, as well as an increase in vasoconstriction in order to compensate for this drop. This mechanism, which is effective in an acute case, is detrimental in case of cardiac dysfunction.

The most important thing in clinical management is to differentiate between chronic and acute HF, with the imperative to control acute HF and to reorient towards chronic treatment, which focuses on prolonging life expectancy and alleviating or minimizing symptoms.

Depending on the symptoms, the different types of HF can be identified: if we observe fluid in the abdominal cavity, we will establish that the HF affects the right side of the heart; if we observe fluid or oedema in the lungs, we will establish congestive HF, with monitoring and medication being essential, seeking the greatest possible inactivation and relaxation, forced oxygenation and the use of intravenous diuretics; in the case of fluid in the abdomen, the treatment will be similar, with the exception that this type of congestion will not generate asphyxia.

The veterinary professional, based on the evaluation and diagnostic tests, will establish the appropriate pharmacological treatment, with diuretics, anticoagulants, inhibitors, etc. Nutritional treatment is an important factor in the treatment of this syndrome.

Focusing on the nutritional level, support for cardiac function is provided by various aspects as varied as mineralisation, fatty acid supplementation, calorie control…

The correct dietetics for the treatment of this syndrome should favor normal weight, avoiding overweight which generates an increase in the cardiac haemodynamic demand, predisposes to the appearance of arrhythmias and interfere with normal breathing.

On the other hand, cachexia must be prevented, so it must be a tasty recipe, which favors its consumption, calorically adjusted since caloric restriction suggests a reduction of oxidative stress and excess would favor overweight, with a balanced level of proteins, which limits protein catabolism that would affect the myocardium. Sadly, the detection of cachexia is a symptom of advanced HF.

It is considered that supplementing with taurine and L-carnitine is of no great relevance in dogs with no taurine deficiency, and it is also recommended for dogs with hypokalemia due to renal disease.

Another particularly useful factor that will distinguish an adequate diet is the use of Omega-3 fatty acids; these long-chain fatty acids, rich in EPA and DHA, contribute to minimizing the appearance of cachexia. There is a possibility that the anti-inflammatory action of these fatty acids may be equally beneficial in cats, as it is in humans and dogs, although no studies have yet been done. Logically, correction of potassium, magnesium, sodium and even phosphorus levels must be taken into account.

The relevance of antioxidants in the management of heart disease is fundamental, vitamins E and C, botanical extracts as a source of flavonoids, taurine itself… Having demonstrated the benefits of probiotics in other species to attenuate heart failure and there being no studies in cats, we will focus on the following studies in cats, we will focus on their beneficial effect in any pharmacological treatment or for their fundamental immunomodulatory effect.

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